Running on Linux

As the F# Foundation states: “F# is a mature, open source, cross-platform, functional-first programming language”. Today I decided to try out the cross-platform part of that statement by trying to get my project running on Linux.

I’m running Ubuntu 16.10 64-bit with 3GB of RAM in VirtualBox. The steps below come from various sources, which are referenced by links.

F# Setup on Linux

Steps taken from and sites it references. All steps were run in a Terminal in Ubuntu.

Step 1. Add mono to apt sources

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys 3FA7E0328081BFF6A14DA29AA6A19B38D3D831EF
echo "deb wheezy main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mono-xamarin.list
sudo apt-get update

Step 2. Install Mono

sudo apt-get install mono-devel
sudo apt-get install mono-complete 

At this point I was able to create and run the hello.cs program as described here meaning Mono and therefore .NET was functioning on the machine.

Step 3. Finally, install fsharp

sudo apt-get install fsharp

Setting up the project

To get the project running we first needed the source code

git clone -b Suave FunctionalDomainProject
cd FunctionalDomainProject

and then to restore the libraries using paket. This came with a slight hiccup as linux needed to be told that the bootstrapper and paket were executables by using chmod.

chmod a+x .paket/paket.bootstrapper.exe
chmod a+x .paket/paket.exe
.paket/paket.exe update

At this point I tried my first compile but got a series of errors rooted at the Store.fs. This is the file containing the SqlDataProvider connection string, and in order for F# to compile it needed to be able to connect to that database. This required the connection string to change to reference the IP address of the VirtualBox host machine, and to replace Trusted_Connection=true with User Id=...;Password=.... The host machine needed the above SQL login created and given dbo rights to the AssetManager database. It also needed a firewall exclusion added for SQL Server.

With those changes in place, the following command performed a successful compile:

xbuild AmApi/AmApi.fsproj

To run it, the executable needed execute rights, then could be called:

cd AmApi/bin/Debug/
chmod a+x AmApi.exe

The integration tests have been hosted in Postman, a Chrome extension, so it was a simple matter to install that extension in Chrome in Ubuntu and open the test collection and run it. The results: 22/22 passed.

Playing in the environment

Beyond this I also tried to get debugging going using VS Code with Ionide. I found some information about possible configuration steps necessary for F# debugging, but couldn’t get it working myself.

I also decided to create a FAKE build by creating an empty project using the Ionide FAKE plugin in VS Code. This created the necessary build.* files which were copied into the project repository, and a paket dependency for FAKE created. The outcome of that can be seen here.